Deploy the CloudFormation Stack

This portion of the lab shows you how to deploy an EC2 instance using a CloudFormation template. The CloudFormation template will deploy the following:

  • Lab VPC: The VPC used in this lab. This VPC contains a single public subnet, each with its own route table. An Internet Gateway and is used to route traffic to the public subnet.
  • EC2 Instance: This is the EC2 instance that hosts the simple Apache web application. You will also be configuring the CloudWatch Logs Agent to work on this instance.
  • IAM Role: An IAM role that allows the instance to send logs and metrics to CloudWatch and allows SSM actions to be performed on the instance.
  • S3 Bucket: The S3 bucket to store log files generated in this lab.
  1. Download the CloudFormation template provided in this lab.
  2. OPTIONAL: Look through the CloudFormation template and comments to see the resources deployed. More information on templates can be found here.
  3. Go to CloudFormation console, click Create Stack, and select With new resources (standard).
  4. In the Specify Template menu, choose Upload a template file, then Choose file, and select the security-lab-stack.yaml template you downloaded.


  1. In the Specify Stack Details menu:
    1. Enter a stack name, such as security-cw-lab. Note the name down, as you will need to re-visit this stack for Outputs later on.
    2. Enter your name in the DisplayedName field, this will be the name that appears on your sample website!
    3. Enter an S3 bucket name in the BucketName field. Amazon S3 bucket names are globally unique, and the namespace is shared by all AWS accounts, so make sure your bucket is names as uniquely as possible. For example: wa-lab-<your-account-id>-<date>.
    4. Do not modify the LatestAmiId field. This uses a public parameter stored in Systems Manager Parameter Store that will automatically use the latest Amazon Machine Image (AMI) for the EC2 instance.


  1. No changes are needed on the Configure Stack Options page. Click through Next.

  2. On the Review page, check the box in the Capabilities section to allow the creation of an IAM role. This selection gives the CloudFormation template permission to create IAM roles - in particular, the role used to allow the EC2 instance to interact with SSM and CloudWatch. Click Create Stack. You will be taken back to the CloudFormation console, where your stack will be launched.


  1. Once the stack shows CREATE COMPLETE, click on the Outputs tab and click on the WebsiteURL, you will be brought to your sample web server.

Recap: In this portion of the lab, you deployed a CloudFormation stack to create the base resources needed for this lab.